Thursday, May 28, 2020

Reading List for Med School Applicants

What are you reading? While this may be a hectic time  for you with academic deadlines and national holidays, if you have some free time, I recommend checking out the books recommended below.   They may give you more insight on the various branches of the medical profession and keep you motivated during application season when tensions are running high. I recommend reading, in alphabetical order by the authors’ last names: Mindset: The New Psychology of Success, by Carol Dweck:   Carol Dweck is a psychology professor at Stanford University. She shares the most interesting aspects of her research in the field of developmental psychology.   Based on her framework there are two main types of mindsets—fixed or growth. Though you may assume that you fall under the category of the latter, you may be surprised after taking her checklist. This book will help you hone your skills in all aspects of your life by taking a fresh look at your own self limiting belief and habits.    Moonwalking with Einstein, by Joshua Foer:   I was skeptical about this book before I started reading it but it far exceeded any expectations I had about it.   If you’re looking to improve your memory, this book details the methods used by international memory championship finalists.   It provides enormous insight on how our memories function and how to maximize their full potential.   I took away several helpful techniques! Dr. Fulford’s Touch of Life: The Healing Power of the Natural Life Force, by Dr. Robert Fulford:  This book is an excellent introduction to the field of osteopathic medicine. It was written by Dr. Robert Fulford towards the end of his life, after a long and successful career.   If you are on the fence about applying to osteopathic medical schools, this book just may convince you of the value and unique approach offered through alternative healing modalities, like osteopathy.   It provides a succinct history of osteopathy and introduces you to some of the manipulations used regularly in patient care.   It’s entertaining and educational. Mountains Beyond Mountains, by Tracy Kidder:  This nonfiction book was written by a journalist, Tracy Kidder, about the public health work of Dr. Paul Farmer.   He created the nonprofit organization called, Partners in Health.   The book covers Dr. Farmer’s life story and his impressive accomplishments in improving global health, beginning with his work in Haiti.   It is inspiring to see how one person can create so much positive change for communities globally with a focus on public health. Cutting for Stone, by Abraham Verghese:  The author of this book is a professor of medicine at Stanford School of Medicine.   Even though it’s a fictional novel, it’s a riveting read for anyone interested in learning more about allopathic medicine.   Verghese is known for his particular approach to teaching bedside manner.   This book will give you a glimpse into his unique perspective. I hope that you will consider reading at least one of these books!   You are welcome to post your review of the book in the comments section of this blog.   I would love to know what you think of any of the books recommended.   Or you are welcome to recommend a book!       Alicia McNease Nimonkar is an Accepted advisor and editor specializing in healthcare admissions. Prior to joining Accepted, Alicia worked for five years as Student Advisor at UC Davis’ postbac program where she both evaluated applications and advised students applying successfully to med school and related programs. Related Resources: †¢ Navigate the Med School Maze  [free guide] †¢Ã‚  Must-Read Books for Pre-Meds †¢Ã‚  Advice From A Med School Admissions Director

Tuesday, May 19, 2020

The Story of an Hour by Kate Chopin Essay - 530 Words

Interpatation What Does It Really Mean? â€Å"The Story of an hour† a complex piece of literature by Kate Chopin, has various interpretations to it. This story has, one definite interpretation, which is the following: life has to go on no matter what is happened in the past. In this story, Chopin implies Ms. Mallard’s husband has been very cruel to her in her lifetime. However, she never lets her husband get in the way, finally he dies, and, she thinks she is free although she really is not. To prove that Chopin implies Ms. Mallard’s husband was cruel to her. Chopin states, â€Å"When she abandoned herself a little whispered word escaped her slightly parted lips. She said it over and over under her breath: free, free, free!†Ã¢â‚¬ ¦show more content†¦So now, she is ready to live life the way she wanted to in the first place. Unlike other wives who were still crying, she knew life must go on so she was over the fact that her husband was dead. For her it was better, he is dead because she was going on about being free, free, free. To support what Chopin is trying to say here is a description of what Ms. Mallard is feeling like at the time of her husbands death: â€Å"They stayed keen and bright. Her pulses beat fast, and the coursing blood warmed and relaxed every inch of her body† (para, 11). Now if your significant other passed away would your body be relaxed? In this case, it seems like she is feeling a feeling she has never felt before, very relaxed and calm. In addition, al though out the story Ms. Mallard is caught stating â€Å"Free Body and soul free!†(para, 16). This only shows that Ms. Mallard’s is more satisfied that her husband has died, than she is upset. The end to this story enhances Chopin’s explanation because once she finds out that her husband is not dead it puts her in so big of a shock that she dies herself. The story gives a reason for her death which said, â€Å"When the doctors came they said she had died of heart disease – of joy that kills†( para, 23). This means she knew that she was going to loose all the freedom she dreamt about as her husband strutted in through the doors, so she passed away. However,Show MoreRelatedThe Story Of An Hour By Kate Chopin1241 Words   |  5 Pagesâ€Å"The Story of an Hour† by Kate Chopin is a wonderful short story bursting with many peculiar twists and turns. Written in 1894, the author tells a tale of a woman who learns of her husband’s death, but comes to find pleasure in it. Many of the elements Kate Chopin writes about in this story symbolize something more than just the surface meaning. Through this short story, told in less than one thousand one hundred words, Kate Chopin illustrates a deeper meaning of Mrs. Mallard’s marriage with herRead MoreThe Story Of An Hour By Kate Chopin855 Words   |  4 PagesThe Story of an Hour In the â€Å"Story of an Hour† by Kate Chopin, is about pleasure of freedom and the oppression of marriage. Just like in Kate Chopin’s story, inside most marriages, even the ones that seem to be the happiest, one can be oppressed. Even though, one might seem to be happy deep inside they miss the pleasure of freedom and living life to the fullest. Just like, in this story Mrs. Mallard feels trapped and when she hears about her husband’s death she first feels distraught, but ultimatelyRead MoreThe Story Of An Hour By Kate Chopin1457 Words   |  6 PagesEmotions and Death Everyone who reads a story will interpret things slightly different than the person who reads it before or after him or her. This idea plays out with most every story, book, song, and movie. These interpretations create conflict and allow people to discuss different ideas and opinions. Without this conflict of thought there is no one devoting time to debate the true meaning of a text. Kate Chopin’s â€Å"The Story of an Hour† tells about a woman who is informed of her husbands deathRead MoreThe Story Of An Hour By Kate Chopin987 Words   |  4 PagesIn Kate Chopin’s short story, â€Å"The Story of an Hour† reader’s see a potentially long story put into a few pages filled with rising action, climax and even death. In the beginning of the story, character Louise Mallard, who has a heart condition, is told of the death of her husband by her sister and one of her husband’s friends. Afterwards Mrs. Mallard is filled with emptiness and then joy of freedom. This joy of freedom is actually what consequently leads to her death in the end when she discoversRead MoreThe Story Of An Hour By Kate Chopin1061 Words   |  5 PagesThroughout the short story, â€Å"The Story of an Hour†, readers are introduced to characters whose lives change drastically in the course of this writing. Through Kate Chopin’s story we can identify many different themes and examples of symbolism in her writing. Chopin’s choice of themes in this writing are no surprise due to the time frame of which this story was written. Chopin often wrote stories with of women’s rights, and is noted as one of America’s first open feminists. As this story of an ill, helplessRead MoreThe Story Of An Hour By Kate Chopin972 Words   |  4 Pagesâ€Å"The Story of an Hour† by Kate Chopin expresses Ms. Mallard’s feelings towards her husband’s death in an appalling train accident. Due to her bad heart, her sister Josep hine had to be the bearer of bad news and approach his death gently to her. According to the quote, â€Å" But now there was a dull stare in her eyes, whose gaze was fixed away off yonder on one of those patches of blue sky. It was not a glance of reflection, but rather indicated a suspension of intelligent thought†, it lets us know thatRead MoreThe Story Of An Hour By Kate Chopin998 Words   |  4 Pagesâ€Å"The story of an hour† by Kate Chopin was a story that was ironical yet profoundly deep. As a student I have been asked to read â€Å"a story of an hour† many times, and every time I’m surprised by how I enjoy it. People can read thousands of stories in their life times and only a handful will every stand out to them, stories that can draw out an emotion or spark a thought are the ones that will standout more. For me and â€Å"a story of an hour† the thought of freedom is what draws me the most as a teenageRead MoreThe Story Of An Hour By Kat e Chopin1542 Words   |  7 PagesIn the short story, â€Å"Story of an Hour†, Kate Chopin writes about a woman with heart trouble, Mrs. Mallard, who, in finding out about the death of her husband, Mr. Mallard, experiences some initial feelings of sadness which quickly transition into the exhilarating discovery of the idea of a newfound freedom lying in front of her. When it is later revealed that her husband is not actually dead, she realizes she will not get to taste that freedom. The devastation kills her. What Mrs. Mallard goes throughRead MoreThe Story of an Hour by Kate Chopin596 Words   |  2 PagesIn â€Å"The Story of an Hour,† Kate Chopin focuses on the idea of freedom throughout the story. Mrs. Mallard is a lonely wife who suffers from heart trouble. She is told by her sister Josephine and her husband’s friend Richards that her husband has passed away in a train accident. She locks herself in a room expecting to be devastated, but instead feels freedom. Later, she exits her room and her husband walks through the door, causing her to die of a heart attack. Chopin uses this story to demonstrateRead MoreThe Story Of An Hour By Kate Chopin886 Words   |  4 Pages In Kate Chopin â€Å"The Story of an Hour†, the reader is presented with the theme of prohibited independence. In Kate Chopin â€Å"The Storm†, the scenery in this story builds the perfect atmosphere for an adulterous affair. The importance of these stories is to understand the era they occurred. Kate Chopin wrote stories with exceptional openness about sexual desires. In â€Å"The Storm†, a short story written by Kate Chopin in a time when women were expected to act a certain way and sexual cravings was considered

Saturday, May 16, 2020

The Sherman Act Of 1890 - 1512 Words

A Sherman Act of 1890 The Sherman Act of 1890 as referenced in McConnell and Campbell (2011), consists of two main regulations; †¢ Section 1 â€Å"Every contract, combination in the form of a trust or otherwise, or conspiracy, in restraint of trade or commerce among the several States, or with foreign nations is declared to be illegal.† †¢ Section 2 â€Å"Every person who shall monopolize, or attempt to monopolize, or combine or conspire with any person or persons, to monopolize any part of the trade or commerce among the several states, or with foreign nations, shall be deemed guilty of a felony† (as later amended from â€Å"misdemeanor†). (p.375) The historical context of the Sherman Act lies in the corporate climate of the United States during the time period preceding the creation of these antitrust laws. At that time the market was dominated by several monopolies in industries such as railroads, tobacco production, meatpacking and coal mining. The US Government determined the monopolies did not provide enough fair competition in those industries to provide protection of consumers. The Sherman Act of 1890 created the legislation to declare the existing monopolies illegal and made violation of the Act a felony, essentially deeming the existing monopolies in violation of the law. These two regulations made common practices such as price fixing and market divisions illegal. The Sherman Act would open the doors for individuals and government agencies such as the U.SShow MoreRelatedThe Sherman Anti Trust Act Of 1890 Essay1278 Words   |  6 PagesAnti-Trust The Sherman Anti-Trust Act of 1890 was passed to prohibit trusts, this was the first law passed by U.S. Congress to enforce this. This act was named after Senator John Sherman. Before this act was put into place, many other states had enforced laws very similar to the Sherman Anti-Trust Act. These laws were not perfect though, the large corporations had the majority of the economic power. Congress was not pleased with this, thus making the Sherman Anti-Trust Act. This act allowed CongressRead MoreAnalysis Of The Sherman Anti Trust Act Of 18901682 Words   |  7 Pagesprices of their products. This is classified as a horizontal agreement because it involves competitors. They do this in order to manipulate prices to gain an unfair advantage. The government has a law in place for this issue called the Sherman Anti-Trust Act of 1890. This law requires each company to set its prices and other terms on its own. Generally, the consumer expects the price of a product to be determin ed by the current supply and demand. This is not the case with price fixing, as competitorsRead MoreAntitrust Laws And The Federal Branch Of The United States Government1128 Words   |  5 Pagesantitrust laws, the Sherman Antitrust Law, the Clayton Act, and the Federal Trade Commission Act. Each of these acts will be explored, and there effect on the business environment will be examined. The Sherman Antitrust Act was enacted by congress in 1890 with overwhelming support; in fact it only received one vote in opposition. The support was largely due to intense public opposition to the amount of power that large corporations had accumulated in the two decades prior to the acts enactment. ItsRead MoreA Comparison of Two Monopolists in a Competitive Market Essay977 Words   |  4 Pagesprices clearly illustrate the inefficiency of a monopoly and the harm it may cause to the economy. The Sherman Anti-Trust Act of 1890 In order to prevent a handful of monopolies and trusts (another form of monopolization) from controlling the economy, Congress passed the Sherman Anti-Trust Act of 1890. Signed into law by President Benjamin Harrison on July 2, 1890, the law consists of two sections. Section 1 primarily prohibits any contract or action whose aim is an Read MoreMarket Competition1030 Words   |  5 Pagesthere is the Sherman Act of 1890 outlawed restraints on trade and monopolization. (McConnell Brue, 2008, p 375) Due to the controversy over the interpretation of the Sherman Act of 1890, the Clayton Act of 1914 was introduced. This piece of legislation was an elaboration of the Sherman Act of 1890 that strengthened this act as well as outlawing price discrimination, prohibited tying contracts, and prohibited interlocking directorates. (McConnell Brue, 2008, p 376) This Act was intended toRead MoreThe Copyright Of The Sherman Antitrust Act1662 Words   |  7 PagesWith these arguments going on, discussions of the Sherman Antitrust Act in many legal cases, have been whether or not this law is beneficial to our economy and population, or harmful. People have gathered on both sides of this debate looking for the truth behind the effect of the Sherman Antitrust act. To learn how the Sherman Antitrust Act works we must look bac k to when and why it was created. In the past, and even now, the Sherman Antitrust Act has been and is being misunderstood, but if weRead MoreNative American Removal Act ( Indian Removal )983 Words   |  4 PagesMontana, Washington, and California (Youngs). On May 28, 1830, the Indian Removal Act was passed. It stated that the Native American were to be removed from the Southern states (Indian Removal Act). The act ended the Native American’s right to live in the states under their own traditional laws (Indian Removal Act). They were given the options to assimilate and acknowledge the United States’ laws or leave (Indian Removal Act). They were forced to leave their land, their homes, everything they ever knewRead MoreThe Progressive Era ( 1900-1919 )1544 Words   |  7 PagesGilded Age (1877-1900). One of the best examples of this was shown in the correlation between the Clayton Anti-Trust Act and Sherman Anti-Trust Act. The Sherman Anti-Trust Act was established in 1890, with the purpose of combatting oppressive monopolies and big businesses. The federal law prohibited the signing of any trust, lease, or contact in the limits of foreign trade. The act also states that. â€Å"Every person who shall monopolize, or attem pt to monopolize, or combine or conspire with any otherRead MoreEssay about Sherman Anti-Trust Act (Constitutional Law)792 Words   |  4 PagesTo: Reader From: Re: Sherman Antitrust Act Facts John Davison Rockefeller was the founder of Standard Oil Company in 1870 and ran it until he retired in 1897. Standard Oil gained almost complete control over the oil refining market in the United States by underselling its competitors. Rockefeller and his associates owned dozens of corporations operating in just one state. The Sherman Antitrust Act was enacted on July 2nd, 1890 which prohibits activities that restrict interstate commerce

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Essay on Franz Kafkas Metamorphosis - 2588 Words

THE METAMORPHOSIS In the opening lines of German author Franz Kafkas’ short story narrative â€Å"The Metamorphosis†, the protagonist Gregor Samsa a disgruntled traveling salesman who lives with and supports his parents and little sister, awakens from a night of unpleasant dreams to find that he has been metamorphosed into a cockroach he calls a â€Å"monstrous vermin† (Kafka, page 89). This particularly strange opening sets the stage for in my opinion, a very strange and very vague play. I say this because throughout the whole story we never find out much less are given any clue of how or why he managed to be metamorphosed into this insect. Not to mention what the moral of the story is or the fact that this whole book reads like one big†¦show more content†¦However Gregor fails to realize that the metamorphic change into a cockroach has not only affected his appearance but it has changed his speech pattern as well. He not only looks like a cockroach but his voice which s ounds normal to him translates to others in the sound of a cockroach. Upon hearing this insect like sound and seeing Gregor as he now is the chief clerk leaves the Sama’s residence never to return taking not only Gregor’s job with him but all hopes of Gregor ever repaying the family debt. Gregor is then chased into his room by his dad and forced to basically spend most of his time there until his time was up. During the time that Gregor was forced to live out the remainder of his existence in his now prison like room, many family matters occur. For one his younger sister whom he is used to taking care of now trades places with him as far as roles in responsibility go. She now after years of good loving and nurturing feels obligated to repay Gregor for all his years of dedication. Since Gregor in his current metamorphosed state cannot do his every day activities, she sees to it that he is feed and his room is kept clean though she personally finds it hard to look at him for undisclosed reasons. While she is doing this it is interesting to see how much utter disgust and loath his father looks at him with, and not for just physical reasons either. This after years ofShow MoreRelatedFranz Kafkas The Metamorphosis640 Words   |  2 PagesKafka’s The Metamorphosis, is the story of Gregor Samsa, a traveling salesman who is responsible for the financial well-being of his entire family, ye t experiences an unfortunate metamorphosis into a giant bug. However, while Gregor undergoes a disturbing physical transformation, the family dynamic changes drastically as well. The family’s treatment of Gregor slowly deteriorates from them regarding him as the basis for their financial success and security to regarding him as no more than an extraordinaryRead MoreFranz Kafkas The Metamorphosis Essay1105 Words   |  5 Pagesshort story, The Metamorphosis, by Franz Kafka. My purpose is to explain to my classmates the short story’s goal what Kafka wanted to transmit to people. I want to expand more why this short story is considered one of the best poetic imagination works. In my research I expect to use Kafka’s work, The Metamorphosis as my primary source. Important other sources include essay critiques from different editors, which will help us to understand much more what Franz wanted to expressRead MoreFranz Kafkas Metamorphosis Essay1132 Words   |  5 Pagesto me? he thought.†(Kafka, 495) This quote is from the narrator in Kafka’s tale; The Metamorphosis, when Gregor Samsa wakes up and finds himself turned into a giant insect, and it was apparently not a dream. Gregor was a traveling salesman, he hated his job, but he was forced to stay in that business in order to pay his father’s debts to his boss, and maintain a comfortable lifestyle to his family. Kafka presents the metamorphosis event in an interesting way, when it seemed that Gregor was not shockedRead More Franz Kafkas Metamorphosis Essay779 Words   |  4 PagesFranz Kafkas Metamorphosis The play metamorphosis was written by Franz Kafka but Steven Berkoff produced a theatre adaptation of Metamorphosis in the late 1960’s. Kafka was born 1883, his childhood was most troubling and life hard, as he was a Jew growing up in German culture, also being ignored and alienated is why Kafka could relate to the character Gregor. Kafka had a hard relationship with his Father who would mistreat him and often tell Kafka he was a failure and a disappointmentRead MoreA Summary of Franz Kafkas Metamorphosis1244 Words   |  5 Pagesï » ¿ Metamorphosis Franz Kafkas Metamorphosis is a chilling story of a man named Gregor, who wakes one morning to find himself transformed into a giant insect. As expected, his family is shocked, but tries to adjust to the situation. However, over time his family comes to reject him and sees his continued existence as a burden. Wishing him dead, his family gets their wish when Gregor finally dies and his loss is then seen as a blessing. Although the author meant this tale to be symbolic of theRead MoreLiterary Structure of Franz Kafkas Metamorphosis724 Words   |  3 PagesAn Analysis of the Structure of The Metamorphosis The structure of Franz Kafkas Metamorphosis establishes it as a kind of inverted, adult fairy-tale, in which regression (rather than progression) of forms occurs, good goes unrewarded and unappreciated, and evil triumphs. The story, of course, is satirical in concept, but the satire is felt chiefly because of the way in which the story stands the concept of the fairy-tale on its head. Gregor, who in a childs story, might progress from bugRead MoreFranz Kafkas Novella, The Metamorphosis Essay1199 Words   |  5 PagesOne of the saddest aspects of Franz Kafkas novella, The Metamorphosis, concerns the fact that young Gregor Samsa genuinely cares about this family, working hard to support them, even though they do little for themselves. On the surface, Kafkas 1916 novella, seems to be just a tale of Gregor morphing into a cockroach, but, a closer reading with Marx and Engels economic theories in mind, reveals an imposing metaphor that gives the improbable story a great deal of relevan ce to the structure of Read MoreIsolation In Franz Kafkas Metamorphosis1145 Words   |  5 Pageswho chose to be away from their problems in the world. Everyone in the Samsa family has their own reasons of why they chose to be isolated from society. Due to these choices, the entire Samsa family also undergo transformations. The book, Metamorphosis by Franz Kafka , reveals how isolation in the Samsa family really plays apart as to who they are and what they represent in society.   Ã‚   The entire Samsa family portrays their isolation in unique ways. Beginning with Grete, Gregor’s little sister. GreteRead MoreStandards in Franz Kafkas The Metamorphosis Essay803 Words   |  4 PagesIn Franz Kafka’s story The Metamorphosis, Gregor Samsa falls victim, to some strange affliction which somehow turns him into a colossal insect of some sort. His bizarre and tragic story takes place in a European apartment in the early twentieth century; a time in which much stock was placed in both etiquette and the appearance of propriety. These standards found throughout the society in which he is placed leads to his ultimate downfall. When Gregor wakes up in his bed to find he has become anRead MoreEssay on Franz Kafkas Metamorphosis604 Words   |  3 Pages In the Metamorphosis, Franz Kafka transforms the main character, Gregor Samsa, into a bug. Kafka chose the bug for several reasons. The bug is a symbol for the life that Gregor has. His life is full of loneliness and emptiness. Furthermore, Kafka wrote this book shortly after the Industrial Revolution. There is a connection between the bug-form of Samsa and the transformation of workers into machines. nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;Gregor Samsa is a traveling salesman who brings in most of the income

Essay on Its Time to Legalize Illegal Immigrants

Its Time to Legalize Illegal Immigrants Look at the world around you. Is it anything like it was 100 years ago? How about anything like it was 10 years ago? The world is changing at an alarming place. When this country was first founded, land west of the Mississippi was considered uncharted territory. It was seen as a whole new world. Nowadays, there is not a place on the planet that we haven’t been to. There are places on other planets that we have been to. The world has shrunk due to technological advancement. The world is globalizing. Some call it progress. They say that we are growing as a society and that change in inherently good. However, one must look at the nature in which we change. Is the world really becoming a†¦show more content†¦Often times the very workers that make globalization possible are the ones being mistreated and are being adversely affected by it. Steps must be taken to fix the moral oversight of globalization. Specifically I would like to look at the use of illegal immigrants to reduce the wages of workers. I want to look at the use of unfair competition to put the workers, farm workers in particular, in a very disadvantaged position. Steps can be taken to make the situation more just for all parties, but it may take a change in Mexican-American border policy. The idea of globalization causing suffering is not a new idea. In fact, it is accepted throughout the world. This is because people try to justify it. The common argument is that this is the natural process for growth in countries. Europe went through period of hardships during the Industrial Revolution, as did the United States. So when other countries show similar signs, it is seen as a good thing. People say that the county is developing and in time they will be a powerful country like America or Britain. A nation can only grow if it goes through certain stages, and those stages are inevitable, so we shouldn’t worry about them. I don’t know about you, but I see some pretty big logical holes in this theory. There are two major problems I see with this train ofShow MoreRelatedIllegal Immigrants : A Controversial And Key Immigration Issue1225 Words   |  5 PagesThe Illegal immigrant population in the United States is a controversial and key immigration issue. Our Author John Savant (2009) talks about illegal immigrants in his article â€Å"Imaging the Immigrant: Why legality must give way to humanity†. He is a professor of English at Dominican University of California. Illegal immigrants immigrate in search of a better life. On the other side author Lamar Smith (2014) talks about legalization of illegal immigrant in his article â€Å" Should illegal immigrants beRead MoreLiving With And Around Immigrant Community1684 Words   |  7 PagesLiving with and around immigrant community gives me personal experience of how legal and illegal immigrant families lives in United States. I have heard and experienced so many incidents of immigrant families that makes me question equality of immigration system of United States. Six year ago friend of mine came to United States at the age of 12. After finishing school and college he wasn’t able to find the job he was looking for and within certain period of time if he doesn’t settle in United StatesRead MoreThe Immigration Act of 1917654 Words   |  3 PagesAn immigrant in terms mean a subject of legal and political subject far from gaining the citizenship and rights. The influx of exclusive classes constituting immigrants admission into the nations was a biggest concern with the idea that the national body should be protected from contaminants of social degeneracy. The idea of deportation played central role in immigration policy. According to the critics, deportation is unjust in the case of separating families. Ironically appeal to prevent familyRead MoreShould Marijuana Be Legalized?1581 Words   |  7 Pageswith pain, and treatment. Despite what other people might believe about cannabis, this drug is benefiting others more than it is hurting them and the legalization of it is on the rise. Knowing how much cannabis truly does help patients with illnesses, it’s almost foolish to wait any longer for the legalization. Despite what people might believe about marijuana now, cannabis has not always been frowned upon and banned, in fact when it first got discovered it was looked at in a completely different lightRead MoreThe Poverty Of The United States1204 Words   |  5 PagesMaria V. Solis Sociology Henslin (2014) said â€Å"Richard Rodriguez represents millions of immigrants – not just those of Latino origin but those from other cultures, too-who want to integrate into U.S culture yet not betray their past. Fearing loss of their roots, they are caught between two cultures, each beckoning, each offering rich rewards† There are many reasons of why people migrate to the United States. One of them is the poverty of the country that they live in. People who have children andRead MoreThe Legalization of Medical Marijuana Essay520 Words   |  3 Pagesbut more commonly known as Marijuana has been getting a lot of publicity because of the legalization of the plant in Oregon and Colorado for recreational use, yet its not legal for medical use in Ohio. Ohio is considered to be the next big state to legalize marijuana for medical use this november and could be a key state for legalization across the nation. Background The oldest recorded date for the plant was in 2727 B.C. by the Chinese Emperor Shen Nung. During the 17th century, The American governmentRead MoreImmigration Reform During The United States1120 Words   |  5 PagesImmigration Reform and Control Act, (IRCA) would legalize the thousands of illegal immigrants, by specifically focusing on the 83,000 unauthorized immigrants in Ohio, then looking broader at the United States entire immigrant population and the economic impact of three proposed ways of handling our immigration problem. In Ohio alone 83,000 people reside as illegals and approximately 50,000 have lived in the US over five years. As illegal immigrants, their options for jobs are severely limited becauseRead MoreLegalizing Undocumented Immigrants : America1692 Words   |  7 PagesLegalizing Undocumented Immigrants America, the land of possibilities and greatest nation in the world. It is said to be the â€Å"land of the free† where people have the freedom to live without fearing a corrupt government, to practice any desired religion and express themselves in the way they seem most fit. America is that and much more. For many, it’s a place where dreams can become a reality, making the statement â€Å"the American dream† the most desired goal of those living in other parts of the worldRead MorePersuasive Essay On Illegal Immigration1860 Words   |  8 PagesIllegal Immigration has always been a problem in the US. The US is known as the mecca of the world, people come here for better life and opportunity. Even though we are advertised as the place to come to for a chance on a better your life, not all immigrants are legal in the US. Obtaining a visa is a long and hard process, and some people just dont have time to wait, so they take the risk of illegally entering the countr y. Getting caught could get you deported, but there are so many immigrants inRead MoreThe Right Action1617 Words   |  7 Pages The Right Action Every year thousands of undocumented students don’t attend college because the tuition is too expensive. Many of these students have lived their whole lives in the U.S, but we still consider them illegal immigrants who have the right to go to college but decide not to because they can’t afford to. Most of these students have the intelligence to go to college, they have regular classes, and some are even in high-level classes. They have the potential to

Postwar Effects on Women Essay Example For Students

Postwar Effects on Women Essay The feminine mystique that American culture promotes is entirely dependent upon its ideas, beliefs, and needs of the time. American culture has always tended to influence women into doing what the day and age required. After men went to war there was a gap in the work force that needed to be filled. During World War II women were the most available to join the work force. Due to the discouragement to raise families during the Great Depression and the fact that most men of age had entered the war, many women were left without families to look after and men to take to take care of them. Most women toiled at unskilled jobs; most were young, single, and without children (307). This lack of family and funds left women with no other place to go besides the factories. Womens need for work was nursed along by the media as well as the public.A rapidly expanding war economy absorbed most of the reserve labor force, (307) yet it still was not enough, the economy demanded a larger work force. This demand worked in cooperation with the availability of the women of the time. Commando Mary and Rosie the Riveter became symbols of women who heeded their countrys call (307). There were many enticements luring women to join the work force. These enticements included higher war wages, more available time and opportunity to work, and wartime restrictions on leisure activities.Despite the general expectation that women would return to their home after the war, female laborers did not simply drop their wrenches and pick up frying pans (310). After the war many women continued to work outside the home primarily to help support their families. After the war 28% of the labor force was female compared to the 24% prior to the war. When the war was over nearly one million women were laid off and another 2.25 million voluntarily left. These female losses in the work force were offset by the gain of 2.75 million women into the work force. When women who had been laid off managed to return to work, they often lost their seniority and had to accept reduced pay in lower job categories (310). Due to the severe segregation by gender, the postwar economic life for women was appalling. Postwar American life became organized around marriage and family. As men came back from the war they merged with the peacetime economy, taking jobs away from women and sending them back to the home. With the demise of Mary and Rosie came new role models whose ideas and beliefs were focused around the home and not the workplace. This was due to the fact that during the war many writers were female and supported involvement in the labor force and after the war many of these womens jobs were taken by men with the desire of a cozy domestic life (312). Almost overnight, television became the preeminent mass medium, carrying imagingfeminine or otherwise-of American culture into the home (313). Television shows displayed the personification of what a husband thought a wife should be. An example of this was the show Ozzie and Harriet which showed a warm-hearted, attractive, submissive woman who was only competent within the confines of her own home. Children who grew up seeing this behavior in their own home as well as on television tended to use that lifestyle as a model. Without any external reinforcement, and only by repetition the children learned that men and women had different roles in society. It was this learned behavior which carried the new feminine mystique from generation to generation.As many have said before history repeats itself with WWII as well as WWI, the return of peace meant that women faced layoffs, renewed wage discrimination, and segregation into female-only jobs (307). The media of the 50s and 60s continued to portray women as housewives and mothers. .ua625e9ad6d7fe656196d2a9b905b6351 , .ua625e9ad6d7fe656196d2a9b905b6351 .postImageUrl , .ua625e9ad6d7fe656196d2a9b905b6351 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .ua625e9ad6d7fe656196d2a9b905b6351 , .ua625e9ad6d7fe656196d2a9b905b6351:hover , .ua625e9ad6d7fe656196d2a9b905b6351:visited , .ua625e9ad6d7fe656196d2a9b905b6351:active { border:0!important; } .ua625e9ad6d7fe656196d2a9b905b6351 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .ua625e9ad6d7fe656196d2a9b905b6351 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .ua625e9ad6d7fe656196d2a9b905b6351:active , .ua625e9ad6d7fe656196d2a9b905b6351:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .ua625e9ad6d7fe656196d2a9b905b6351 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .ua625e9ad6d7fe656196d2a9b905b6351 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .ua625e9ad6d7fe656196d2a9b905b6351 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .ua625e9ad6d7fe656196d2a9b905b6351 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .ua625e9ad6d7fe656196d2a9b905b6351:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .ua625e9ad6d7fe656196d2a9b905b6351 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .ua625e9ad6d7fe656196d2a9b905b6351 .ua625e9ad6d7fe656196d2a9b905b6351-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .ua625e9ad6d7fe656196d2a9b905b6351:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: 802.11b Essay The media has always influenced peoples ideas and values, whether it was a wartime poster of Rosie or a magazine article depicting sweet, submissive housewives, or a TV show with June Cleaver taking care of the boys and her home.

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Genetic Studies Environmental Microbiology

Question: Discuss about theGenetic Studiesfor Environmental Microbiology. Answer: Introduction Genetics refers to the study of genes referred to as the functional units of heredity, heredity and genetic variations in living organisms. Specifically genetics is concerned with finding out resemblances and differences among related organism that are as a result of environmental and genes interaction. On the other hand marine systems refer to open coastal habitats which are in most cases are unprotected and exposed to wave action, ocean currents and tidal fluctuations. These systems have no vegetation (Fanning and Mcconney, 2011). Genetics studies have been a plied in a wide range of areas. Molecular genetics is a branch of genetics that studies the structure of genes at molecular levels. It is also concerned with the study of the function of genes at this level. The use of molecular tools has significantly helped to provide new information on biodiversity among marine organism. Such studies have also played a role in conservation efforts of the systems by providing crucial information that on the need and importance of having in place conservation strategies for these systems. It has also significantly helped in the identification of species especially because of mutations that make species differ from one another. Through data generated from the study of organisms chromosomes and gene expression, new information has been has been generated on heredity and variations of genes. Genetic studies have also helped in providing knowledge on genetic mutations among marine organisms. The use of microsatellites reveal ed that there has been significant differentiation of marine fishes. Mitochondria DNA system has also enabled detection of variations among some marine fishes. This has been the case because of historical isolation in populations (Moraitou and Kiortsis, 2007). Through the application of genetic studies has generated new data on how marine protected area networks can be effectively designed and evaluated .It has also enabled the use of exclusion tests and percentage analyses for effective management of fisheries. Besides it has also availed crucial information on stock demarcation and re-establishment. All these have been critical for the effective management of marine systems. Additionally, genetic studies have created public awareness on the need of owning unique genetic lineages for the purpose of enabling conservation of these genetic organisms. It has also made known the need for incorporating research on genetics into management policy (Van open Lough, 2009). Data generated from genetics studies besides helping in creating insights on marine systems conservation and management as identified by (Laurent et al, 2014) in their Pacific Ocean research. They also used the data from the research to address a couple of other factors related to marine species such as their distribution patterns, evolution and biodiversity. Their study came up with a conclusion that genetic studies can be used to assess historical conditions through the use of retrospective monitoring method. (Laurent et al, 2014). Distribution is the spatial arrangement of biological taxon .Information on distribution can help in learning about factors that determine the distribution of species by providing knowhow and enabling monitoring of population metrics which have made it possible to understand evolutionary and demographic processes. Marine ecosystems and in particular near shore regions such as estuaries, coral reefs and coastal areas are undergoing crises globally due to changes in environment which puts a lot of physiological stress on the resident organisms. Genomics stands to provide detailed view of physiological diversity and function and mechanistic insight into how organisms respond to the environment. Any environmental change will lead to an adaptive change on the organism (Moraitou Kiortsis, 2007). There are various examples on how genetic studies have provided insight into marine systems. In yeast, DNA micro-array based gene expression pro-filling has revealed a complex series of gene up and down regulation that indicates mechanistic under pining on how cells respond to physiological stress. Data on gene expression can be grouped into groups of gene ontology reflecting the categories of cell functions (Taffi, 2014) A study on marine systems in the analysis of the metagenomic data set from the Global Ocean Survey (GOS) expedition has been of great significance. The PCR approach used in this study revealed the same phylogenetic patterns as those of clone library studies. This is an indication that PCR approach does not impose major biases on the exploration of DNA concerning the environment. There was high protistan diversity in the less than 0.8 m size fraction. Particularly, sequences from radiolarians and ciliates indicate that most of the DNA comes from extra-cellular material from the larger cells. A comparison between the phylogenetic patterns from rDNA and reverse transcribed rRNA18S clone libraries taken from the Mediterranean Sea revealed key differences with taxa like pelagophytes that were detected only in the 18S rRNA. This study indicates differences in marine systems biodiversity. The studies have shaped understanding of the marine microbial food webs as well as eukaryotes evolution (Chauhan Varma, 2009) A study by (Thommen et al, 2015) puts together modeling and molecular experiments for studying how quality of light affects the circadian clock of the phytoplanktonic unicellular green alga Ostreococcus tauri. The circadian clock shows a range of cellular functions in multifarious organisms. Light is a major input for the clock monitoring. Marine organisms may experience changes in light spectrum due to their distance from the surface of the sea. So the study seeks to establish whether a two component signaling system sensing green and blue light through RhodHK and LOVHK respectively synchronizes the TOC1-CCA1 central circadian oscillator on a day or night basis. The results indicate that O.tauri`s clock can be reset by both the blue and green light in independent ways (Thommen et al, 2015). (Taffi et al, 2014) described a computational framework for analyzing how bio remediation affects the ecosystem based on the combination of food web bio-accumulation models and the metabolic models of degrading bacteria. Bio accumulation of polychlorinated Biphenyls(PCBs) in the Adriatic food web and metabolism model of Pseudomonas putida KT2440(iJN746) extended with the microbial aerobic pathways of PCBs degradation was used as a case study. Techniques such as Flux balance analysis and linear inverse Modeling were used in the analysis of ecosystems for evaluation of bio-remediation strategies. This has helped in offering new insights into the multiple level interplay among ecosystems and marine systems (Heine, 2008) Some of the most common stories that result from the use of DNA micro-arrays in marine ecology are on gene expression studies which identify the genes involved in mutual relationships between cnidarians and inter-cellular algar-symbiots.The results of this study indicate the power of genomics (Rodriguez-Lanetty et al.2006). A study conducted recently on the sea anemone Anthopleura elegantissima is a good example of the utility of the genomics approach. The researchers demonstrated that the mechanisms involved in the maintenance of and regulation of the relationship is more complex than it was thought before (Rodriguez-Lanetty et al.2006). DNA micro-array based transcriptome analysis, 28 host genes were shown to be varying in the symbiotic state. This 28 functional group analysis indicated that the results were under scoring that symbiosis had a more global effect on the metabolism of the host instead of revealing a suite of genes unique to the symbiotic state (Rodriguez Lanetty .2006). Genes involved in lipid metabolism changed in a predictable system. This study provided unexpected insight into how apoptosis and cell cycle genes are involved in maintaining the symbiosis by controlling the life of the host cell. This was very new evidence in the cnidarian system (Rodriguez Lanetty There are various studies that have been conducted to access the interaction between the host invertebrate and the algal symbiont (National Research council (U.S.), United States. ,1970).Given the recent findings concerning changes in the strain of Symbiodinium that correlated with the environment conditions, there is also evidence that the flexibility of the host symbiont combination can be subject to regulations of the environmental conditions. This research work will eventually help in shaping up the marine systems. Marine genetic studies show significant differentiation in terms of genes among populations living in different oceans and different parts of the oceans (Taffi, 2014) Quantifying compositions and configurations of landscapes helps in the discovery of temporal and environmental factors associated with local adaptation and different demographic histories. Correlations between geographic features and allele frequencies of specific loci can reveal candidate adaptive loci. Spatial variations between landscapes variables and genome variations can also alter the overall structuring of genetic variation (Olsson, 2007). Many populations genomic studies includes the goals of loci examination under variable selection as well as the marine context offers various advantages for empirical investigations on how selection operates in natural populations. This aspect is common with coastlines with diverse environmental factors such as intertidal zonations, embayment and freshwater outflows. Landscape genetic and genomics researches have gone on for some time now. However, uptake of spatially explicit seascape information for genetic studies has been particularly unimpressive. The considerations of undertaking seascape genetic research are high because of the reliance on tools from spatial ecology (Olsson, 2007). Conclusion Genetic research in the marine systems sector has helped in understanding the marine life to a very great extent. Genetic studies in marine have helped scientists to identify responses of various marine creatures on stress. The changes in environmental conditions in the sea and oceans have also had a great effect on the marine life and through genetic studies, these effects have been revealed. As a result of this research, all the stakeholders are able to participate in conservation and protection of marine ecosystems. References: Iwai, S., Fujiwara, K. and Tamura, T., 2016. Maintenance of algal endosymbionts in Paramecium bursaria: a simple model based on population dynamics. Environmental microbiology. Heine, H. (2008). Innate immunity of plants, animals, and humans. Berlin, Springer. Dubinsky, Z., Stambler, N. (2010). Coral reefs: an ecosystem in transition. Dordrecht, Springer. Chauhan, A. K., Varma, A. (2009). A textbook of molecular biotechnology. New Delhi, I.K. International Pub. House Fanning, L., Mahon, R., Mcconney, P. (2011). Towards marine ecosystem-based management in the wider Caribbean. Moraitou-APostolopoulou, M., Kiortsis, V. (2007). Mediterranean marine ecosystems. New York, Plenum Press. National Research council (U.S.), United States. (1970). Marine ecological research for the Central American interoceanic canal. Washington, D.C., National Academy of Sciences. National Research Council. Olsson, J. (2007). Genetic research on commercially exploited fish species in Nordic countries. Kbh, Nordisk Ministerra? Rodriguez-Lanetty, M., Phillips, W.S. and Weis, V.M., 2006. Transcriptome analysis of a cnidariandinoflagellate mutualism reveals complex modulation of host gene expression. Bmc Genomics, 7(1), p.23. Taffi, M., Paoletti, N., Angione, C., Pucciarelli, S., Marini, M. and Li, P., 2014. Bioremediation in marine ecosystems: a computational study combining ecological modeling and flux balance analysis. Frontiers in genetics, 5, p.319. Thommen, D.S., Schreiner, J., Mller, P., Herzig, P., Roller, A., Belousov, A., Umana, P., Pisa, P., Klein, C., Bacac, M. and Fischer, O.S., 2015. Progression of lung cancer is associated with increased dysfunction of T cells defined by co-expression of multiple inhibitory receptors. Cancer immunology research, pp.canimm-0097. Van oppen, M. J. H., Lough, J. M. (2009). Coral bleaching: patterns, processes, causes, and consequences. Berlin, Springer.